An Overview of the Loan Process  

 

While the home buying process can differ from state to state, the following are the basic steps you can expect to follow in the mortgage loan process.

 


Organize your documents

If you are buying or refinancing a home

1. If you are salaried: provide two years W-2 and one month of paystubs OR if you are self-employed: provide two years tax returns and a YTD profit and loss statement.

2. If you own rental property, please provide rental agreements and two years tax returns.

3. If you wish to speed up the approval process, please also provide three months bank statements for each bank, stock and mutual fund account.

4. Provide recent copies of any stock brokerage or IRA/401K accounts that you may have.

5. Provide a copy of divorce decree if applicable.

6. If you are NOT a US citizen, provide us with a copy of your green card (front & back), or if you are NOT a permanent resident provide us with your H-1 or L-1 visa.

If you are applying for a home equity loan

1. If you are salaried: provide two years W-2 and one month of paystubs OR if you are self-employed: provide two years tax returns and a YTD profit and loss statement.

2. If you own rental property, please provide rental agreements and two years tax returns.

3. Please provide a copy of the note on your first mortgage. This will normally be found in your closing loan documents.

4. Please provide a signed letter explaining what you plan to do with the proceeds.

5. Provide a copy of divorce decree if applicable.

6. If you are NOT a US citizen, provide us with a copy of your green card (front & back), or if you are NOT a permanent resident provide us with your H-1 or L-1 visa.


Get Qualified

Getting qualified before you apply for a loan can help you understand how much you can borrow.  When buying a house, you may get pre-qualified or pre-approved.  You do not need to have a particular property in mind to obtain a pre-qualification. You can typically get pre-qualified over the phone or on the Internet in a few minutes.  A pre-qualification is not as beneficial as a pre-approval where you have to go through a more rigorous process which includes verification of your credit, income, assets and liabilities.  It is highly recommended that you get pre-approved before you start looking for a house.  A pre-approval is an application for credit and a lender's written commitment (subject to verification) of how much they will let you borrow and requires more information than a pre-qualification application, such as the property purchase price and down payment amount. 

This will help you:

1. Find out the maximum house you can buy, so you don't waste time looking for properties you can not afford.

2. Puts you in a stronger position when you are negotiating with the seller, because the seller knows that your loan is already approved.

3. Helps you close quickly, since your loan is already approved.

 


Shop loan programs and rates

To shop for a loan you will need to:

1. Think about how long you plan to keep the loan.  If you plan to sell the house in a few years you may want to consider an adjustable or balloon loan.  On the other hand, if you plan to keep the house for a longer time, you may want to look at fixed loans.

2. Understand the relationship between rates and points.  Points are considered to be prepaid interest and are tax deductible.  Each point is equal to one percent of the loan.  So for example, 1 point on a $150,000 loan is $1,500.  The more points you pay, the lower the rate you will get.

3. Compare different programs.  Shopping for a loan can be difficult.  With so many programs to choose from, each of which has different rates, points and fees, it's hard to figure out which program is best for you.


Apply for your loan

This step is where an experienced residential mortgage loan originator can help you make a decision that's best for you.  The wrong mortgage product can cost you thousands of dollars.  This makes it worth your time to let Hometown America help you understand the different mortgages that are available so that you can make an informed decision.  Tailoring your needs with the applicable mortgage program will insure that your best interests are considered as you move toward purchasing your property.


Obtain Loan Approval

Once your loan application has been received, Hometown America will start the loan approval process immediately.

This involves verifying your:

1. Credit history

2. Employment history

3. Assets including your bank accounts, stocks, mutual fund and retirement accounts

4. Property value based on your specific situation; additional documents or verifications may be required.

 To improve your chances of getting a loan approval:

1. Fill out the loan application completely.

2. Respond promptly to any requests for additional documents.  This is especially critical if your rate is locked or if you plan to close by a certain date.

3. Do not make any major purchases.  Do not buy a car, furniture or another house till your loan is closed.  Anything that causes your debts to increase might have an adverse affect on your current application.

4. Do not move money into your bank accounts unless it can be traced.  If you are receiving money from friends, family or other relatives, please contact us.

5. Do not go out of town around the closing date.  If you do plan to be out of town when your loan is expected to close, you may sign a power of attorney to authorize another individual to sign on your behalf.


Close the Loan

After your loan is approved, you will be required to sign the final loan documents. This will normally take place in front of a notary public.

Be prepared to:

1. Bring a cashiers check for your down payment and closing costs, if required. Personal checks are normally not accepted.

2. Review the final loan documents. Make sure that the interest rate and loan terms are what you were promised. Also, verify that the name and address on the loan documents are accurate.

3. Sign the loan documents.
Your loan will normally close shortly after you have signed the loan documents. On refinance and home equity loan transactions federal law requires that you have 3 days to review the documents before your loan transaction can close.


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